Generic key of the Subfamily PSALMOPOEINAE 

( Radan Kaderka )

 Updated: October 2008

The subfamily Psalmopoeinae is diagnosed by following synapomorphies (SAMM & SCHMIDT, 2010): urticating hairs are absent, male palpal bulb with long embolus without keels, presence of two tibial apophyses distally on the leg I, lyriform stridulatory organ present (Psalmopoeus) or absent (Tapinauchenius), legs weakly spined or aspinose, tarsi as broad as or broader than metatarsi. This subfamily comprises arboreal and semiarboreal species of Psalmopoeus and Tapinauchenius with distribution area: Central America, north of South America and the Carribean Islands.

The key is based on SAMM & SCHMIDT 2010

1. Stridulatory organ in the shape of lyra present on prolateral maxilla  ......... ...... Psalmopoeus

    - stridulatory organ absent ....................................................................... Tapinauchenius

 

Bibliography:

Raven R. J. (1985) The Spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae (Araneae): Cladistics and Systematics. Bulletin of The American Museum of Natural History. Volume 182: 1-180.

 

Samm R. & Schmidt G. (2010) Psalmopoeinae subfamilia nov. - eine neue Unterfamilie der Theraphosidae (Araneae). Tarantulas of the World - 142: 35-41.

 

Schmidt G. & Rudloff J.-P. (2003) Die Vogelspinnen. Westarp Wissenschaften Hohenwarsleben: 104-114.